AV Canal Repair Surgery
Does your child have a Heart Defect? Probably you found that s/he has Atrioventricular Canal defect (CAVC). In that case, your child will require AV Canal Repair surgery to correct it. Babies with such congenital heart defects can now live longer and healthier lives, thanks to advanced medical care and treatment.
India is the preferred destination for AV Canal Repair Surgery due to its pool of expert Pediatric Cardiac surgeons backed by experienced nurses and medical teams. Patients from around the world (especially developing countries) come to India because only India can ensure high quality and outcome of surgery at the lowest cost. In case of complete Atrioventricular Canal defect, condition can be complex, and the kid may require surgery within a short span of time after birth. Many times, these kids suffering from Atrioventricular Canal defect also tend to have Down Syndrome.
Treatment Possible ensures high-quality medical treatment in India at a price that is reasonable, affordable and transparent. We use our expertise to benefit the patients and make their ‘treatment possible’ at the lowest cost by the best-renowned doctors and hospitals in India.
What is the Cost of AV Canal Repair Surgery?
The AV Canal Repair surgery cost in India is USD 5000 to USD 6000. But if the case is very complex then the cost may go up; as extended stay in ICU may be required post-surgery.
Stay in India for treatment of AV Canal Repair in India
- Hospital stay required: 7 to 10 days
- Post-surgery stay required for follow-up: 10 days
Total length of stay in India for AV Canal Repair: 21 days
The AV Canal Repair Surgery Cost in India is USD 5000 to USD 6000
What is Atrioventricular Canal defect?
To understand Atrioventricular Canal defect, we will have to first understand functioning of a normal heart.
- The heart has 4 chambers. 2 chambers on each right and left side. The Chambers on the top side are called Atrium and the ones on lower side are called Ventricles.
- The right and left side is divided by a wall made of muscle and membrane. This wall is called the Septal.
The Circulation System is easy to understand but highly complex in its function.
- Deoxygenated blood reaches the top right of the heart through the Right Atrium. From there it goes to the Right Ventricle (right lower chamber).
- From the Right Ventricle it is pumped into our lungs through Pulmonary Artery. When the blood reaches the lungs, it receives oxygen and is ready to be supplied to the body again.
- The oxygenated blood from the Lungs flows through pulmonary veins into your Left Atrium (left top chamber).
- From the Left Atrium, it goes to the Left Ventricle (left lower chamber) from where it is pumped into our body.
- If there is any kind of defect in the heart, then this function is compromised, and the level of oxygen required in the blood drops or the heart is under high pressure to pump more blood than it is able to.
In the case of Atrioventricular Canal defect, primarily there are 2 major defects. There can be a major hole in the heart where the wall is supposed to divide the heart into different chambers. It affects all the 4 chambers of the heart. Due to this, deoxygenated and oxygenated blood gets mixed.
- In a Complex Atrioventricular Canal defect, tricuspid and mitral valves that normally separate the heart’s upper and lower chambers aren’t formed as individual valves. Instead, a single large valve forms that crosses the defect in the wall between the two sides of the heart.
- In the case of Partial Atrioventricular Canal defect, the heart may have some of the above-mentioned defects. But a Complete Atrioventricular Canal defect means presence of all defects at once.
How much time can a child wait before getting AV Canal repair surgery done?
If the child is having complex or complete Atrioventricular Canal defect, then surgery is required at the earliest possible. Delay of more than 3 months can put the child at risk.
If the child is having partial Atrioventricular Canal defect, then the operation can be done till the age of 2. However, the delay will keep putting additional pressure on the child’s heart.
Why should you not delay the Atrioventricular Canal Defect surgery?
An Atrioventricular Defect can be Complete or Partial in nature. The possible complications of Atrioventricular Canal Defect include:
- Enlargement of the Heart: Increased blood flow through the heart forces it to work harder than normal, causing it to become larger.
- High blood pressure in the Lungs: This condition is also called Pulmonary Hypertension. A hole in the heart lets oxygen-rich blood mix with oxygen-poor blood. The lungs get too much blood. Pressure builds up in the lungs.
- Respiratory tract infections: A hole in the heart can lead to repeated lung infections.
- Heart failure. If Atrioventricular Canal Defect is not treated, the heart can’t pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs.
What are the Symptoms of Complete Atrioventricular Canal defect?
The symptoms of Complete Atrioventricular Canal defect will be:
- Blue skin color due to low oxygen levels
- Difficulty breathing
- Rapid breathing
- Excessive sweating
- Fatigue or tiredness
- Irregular heartbeat
- Rapid heartbeat
- Loss of appetite
- Poor weight gain
- Swelling in the legs, ankles and feet
What are the Symptoms of Partial Atrioventricular Canal defect?
The symptoms of Partial Atrioventricular Canal defect will be:
- Fatigue or weakness
- Lack of appetite
- Persistent cough
- Rapid or irregular heartbeat, also called an arrhythmia
- Shortness of breath
- Swelling in the legs, ankles and feet
- Chest pressure or pain
How is AV Canal Repair Surgery Performed?
AV Canal defects can be fixed only by open surgery. In an infant with severe symptoms or high blood pressure in the lungs, surgery must ideally be done in infancy.
Step 1 – During the surgery, the surgeon closes the large hole with one or two patches. Later the patch will become a permanent part of the heart as the heart’s lining grows over it.
Step 2 – The surgeon also divides the single valve between the heart’s upper and lower chambers and makes two separate valves. These will be made as close to normal valves as possible.
Step 3 – If an infant is very ill, or has a defect that may be too complex to repair in infancy, a temporary operation to relieve symptoms and high pressure in the lungs may be needed.
Step 4 – This procedure (pulmonary artery banding) narrows the pulmonary artery to reduce the blood flow to the lungs.
**When the child is older, an operation is done to remove the band and fix the AV canal defect with open-heart surgery.
AV Canal Repair Surgery at Treatment Possible:
Treatment Possible is associated with the Best Cardiac Surgeons for AV Canal Repair Surgery and are experienced in operating complex cases and ensure the highest success rate. We only work with Top 10 best hospitals for AV Canal Repair Surgery in India that are equipped with advanced medical infrastructure that are indispensable for any complex Cardiac Surgeries.
Our understanding of the Indian Healthcare market and our valued relation with the best hospitals for AV Canal Repair Surgery enables us to maintain the cost that is reasonable, affordable and transparent. The AV Canal Repair Surgery cost in India through Treatment Possible can be 10-20% lower than similar companies in India and 50-60% cheaper than in other countries.
You can also send your medical reports for AV Canal Repair Surgery to firstname.lastname@example.org. We will provide you with Free Medical Opinions and Treatment Plans from The Best Cardiac Surgeons in India. No matter what the health conditions, you always get good healthcare options and cost advantages from Treatment Possible.
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