Verified By: Dr. Donald John Babu (MBBS, MS, FCPS, MCh - Surgical Oncology, MRCS (UK), FICS) |Updated On September 18, 2020
Table Of Contents
- 1 Know More About Lung Cancer Treatment In India:
- 2 How does the treatment of lung cancer work?
- 3 Immunotherapy for lung cancer:
- 4 What are the side effects & risks involved in Lung Cancer Treatment?
- 5 What is the cost of lung cancer treatment in India?
- 6 Prepare For Your Lung Cancer Treatment in India!
- 7 How can you prepare yourself for the treatment of Lung Cancer?
- 8 What can you expect after Lung Cancer Treatment?
- 9 How do we care about your lung cancer treatment?
- 10 Best Hospitals For Lung Cancer Treatment In India.
- 11 Frequently Asked Questions:
Know More About Lung Cancer Treatment In India:
With many advanced treatments available, lung cancer can be treated completely if detected at an early stage. For those in advanced stages of lung cancer, the growth of the cancer cells can be controlled through effective treatments and therapies. Each patient is given a different treatment plan, depending on the type of lung cancer, stage and overall health.
How does the treatment of lung cancer work?
Treatment of Lung cancer may differ for small cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer. Here is how each of these is treated:
Treatment of Small cell lung cancer:
In small cell lung cancer, the treatment involves mostly a combination of chemotherapy and radiation. There are high chances of lung cancer to spread to the brain. Therefore, Radiation therapy is usually recommended for the brain at the end of chemotherapy. In case cancer has not yet spread to the mediastinal lymph nodes (lymph nodes found at the centre of the chest) surgery is usually advised to remove the part of the lung that contains the cancerous tumor. This will be followed by chemotherapy and maybe even radiotherapy. In cases of small cell lung cancer that have spread not only to the lymph nodes but also to the other parts of the body, the treatment may involve chemotherapy, radiotherapy and a special therapy to relieve symptoms.
Treatment of Non-small Cell Lung Cancer:
Stage 1 lung cancer:
Although rare, there are a few cases that are diagnosed at the very first stage of non-small cell lung cancer. The treatment options for this stage include:
- Lobectomy (where a part of the lung that contains the tumor is removed).
- Pneumonectomy (where the entire lung is removed).
- Targeted Radiotherapy for those who cannot undergo surgery due to a health reason.
- RFA or Radio Frequency Ablation for small tumors that are difficult to remove through surgery.
Stage 2 lung cancer:
The treatment options for those in stage 2 of non-small cell lung cancer are as follows:
- Surgery: Depending upon the position of the cancerous tumor, the surgeon may decide on whether to perform a lobectomy or a pneumonectomy.
- Adjuvant Chemotherapy: If the cancer is removed completely, the specialist may advise adjuvant chemotherapy to make sure cancer does not recur.
- Radiation or Radiotherapy: If cancer has not been removed completely, radiotherapy may be advised after the chemotherapy.
- Chemoradiation: For those who cannot undergo surgery, a combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy called chemoradiation may be advised to get rid of cancer completely.
Stage 3 lung cancer:
Treatment options for stage 3 of non-small cell lung cancer include:
- Option #1 (Surgery + Chemo + Possibly Radiotherapy): Pneumonectomy is usually suggested for patients who are diagnosed at stage 3 of non-small cell lung cancer. This may be followed by chemotherapy and maybe even radiotherapy.
- Option #2 (Chemoradiation): Both Chemotherapy and Radiation therapy may be given simultaneously for those who cannot undergo surgery, provided they are otherwise fit.
- Option #3 (Radiation only or Chemotherapy + Radiation): Surgery is usually not an option for those who have cancer cells at the centre of their chest. In such cases, the specialist may advise only radiotherapy or a course of chemotherapy followed by radiation in such cases.
- Option #4 (Concomitant Chemoradiotherapy): This is given to those who have small tumors and are fairly fit. However, this treatment has much more side effects when compared to others.
For those who have cancer cells in the lymph nodes that are on the opposite side of the chest, chemotherapy and radiation (or chemoradiation) may be advised instead of surgery.
Stage 4 lung cancer:
Palliative care is usually advised for those who are in stage 4 of non-small cell lung cancer. This treatment aims at controlling the growth of cancer and reducing the size of the tumor to relieve symptoms. The treatment options include:
- Chemotherapy: Many patients in stage 4 of non-small cell lung cancer have benefited from chemotherapy. It has helped in relieving their symptoms and enabled them to live longer.
- Biological Therapy: In certain cases, the cancer cells contain receptors, which are a particular type of protein. In such cases, biological therapy drugs are advised which may include erlotinib (Tarceva), crizotinib (Xalkori) or gefitinib (Iressa).
- Radiation Therapy: If you have symptoms such as a cough or pain, radiotherapy may be advised to control your symptoms. Apart from radiotherapy, certain other treatments may also be prescribed, especially if there is a tumor that is blocking any of your main airways. These include:
- Brachytherapy or internal radiotherapy.
- Laser treatment.
- Cryotherapy or Freezing the cancerous tumor.
- Use of stent or a rigid tube to open up the airway.
- PDT or photodynamic therapy (Light therapy).
Immunotherapy for lung cancer:
Immunotherapy is one of the latest treatments used to help a patient’s immune system to fight and eliminate cancer. New antibodies are used to target immune pathways that cancer cells use to escape detection by immune cells. Lung cancers in particular, as well as kidney cancer, aggressive melanoma, urinary bladder cancer and a form of lymphoma benefit from immunotherapy treatments. In short, Immunotherapy is the use of medicines to stimulate a person’s immune system to recognize and destroy cancer cells more effectively.
In case you have early-stage lung cancer, surgery is usually the first choice. If your lung cancer is advanced then the doctor will treat it with surgery, chemotherapy, radiation or a combination of the three. Immunotherapy would be considered second-line treatment. This means you might be a candidate for immunotherapy if the first drug you try doesn’t work or stops working.
Immunotherapy for Opdivo (Nivolumab) is lowest in India starting from USD 2500.
How is immunotherapy used for the treatment of lung cancer?
Immunotherapy is a treatment which uses a person’s immune system to fight cancer. This can be done in a couple of ways:
- Stimulating the natural defences of your immune system so it works harder to find and attack cancer cells.
- There are substances produced in a lab, which work just like immune system components. They help to improve the way your immune system works and find and destroy cancer cells.
Immunotherapy has become an important part of treating some types of cancer and they are being tested and approved, and new ways of working with the immune system are being discovered. Immunotherapy works better for some types of cancer but not for all. Learn More.
What are the side effects & risks involved in Lung Cancer Treatment?
Lung Cancer treatment like any other treatment is associated with certain side effects. However, the severity of these side effects depends upon the treatment plan. For instance:
- Surgery may have side effects like pain, numbness, breathlessness and infection, most of which can be controlled through proper medication.
- Chemotherapy involves side effects such as hair loss, fatigue, loss of appetite, constipation or diarrhoea, nausea or vomiting and mouth sores
- Radiotherapy side effects include skin changes like redness, peeling or blistering apart from a couple of those that are associated with chemotherapy.
- In Biological therapy, you may face some flu-like symptoms such as fever, chills, muscle aches and weakness along with nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea and loss of appetite
These side effects are temporary and start disappearing within a few days after the treatment. Proper follow-up care and careful compliance with doctor’s instructions can help you control the intensity of these side effects quite effectively.
What is the cost of lung cancer treatment in India?
India is one of the leading countries for the treatment of lung cancer due to the availability of cost-effective treatment without any compromises in the quality of treatment. Due to our long-standing association with hospitals, we can ensure Lung cancer treatment at the lowest cost, i.e diagnosis and treatment. We ensure treatment through most advanced Radiation therapy i.e TrueBeam (LINAC).
|PET Scan (USD)||Chemotherapy (USD)||Radiation Therapy (USD)||Immunotherapy (USD)||Surgery (USD)|
$450 – $600
$2500 – $3500
$4500 – $6000
How can you prepare yourself for the treatment of Lung Cancer?
” Get the knowledge, so you don’t miss something in your treatment. “
If surgery is included in your lung cancer treatment plan, it is better to prepare ahead so that some of that anxiety can be eased. Ask as many questions as possible so that you know what you are getting into. After analyzing your medical condition and going through your medical history, your doctor may advise you to go for a few tests such as:
- Blood and Urine tests
- ECG or Electrocardiogram
- Pulmonary function tests
- Complete physical examination
You may be asked to stop consuming Aspirin, blood thinners, herbs and vitamins if you have been taking any of them. You may have to quit smoking before the treatment. If need be, you could even go for a second opinion.
What can you expect after Lung Cancer Treatment?
Follow-up care is one thing you would have to go for, once you are done with your lung cancer treatment. This will ensure there are no recurrences or secondary cancers. This will also help you manage any long-term or delayed side effects efficiently.
What will be the results of your lung cancer treatment?
Life is going to change after lung cancer. For all you may know, it may not even be possible to get completely cured of lung cancer. The lung cancer treatment may utmost help you relieve your symptoms and control the growth of those cancer cells. However, with the right mentality, proper medication and a few lifestyle changes you can have a better quality of life.
How do we care about your lung cancer treatment?
At Treatment Possible, our main objective is to provide the best options for Lung Cancer treatment in India at the lowest cost. Thus, we recognize the significance of excellent health and well being of our guests by preferring association with Top Lung Cancer Surgeons and Best Hospital for Lung Cancer treatment in India.
We encourage you to educate yourself about Lung Cancer treatment, procedure, cost of Lung cancer treatment in India and then make an informed decision. An individually allocated case manager takes personalized interest to design a tailor-made treatment plan for every guest and provide with a specific time.
For an early response from a case manager, Medical History and Diagnostic Reports can be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org. About almost for a decade, Treatment Possible has been involved in guiding patients for appropriate and so assures you with wonderful experience along with Expertise of Medical Tourism in India. Treatment Possible invites you for a Free Consultation with chosen Top Lung Cancer Surgeons in India with the assurance of hassle-free arrangements for examinations, procedures, recovery, travel and stay.
Increase your sense of well-being after cancer treatment. Discover a new personal strength and look after yourself by doing some physical activities. Keep your body and mind healthy!
Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai
Tata Memorial Centre (TMC) is a comprehensive tertiary care centre for cancer in India. Established by the House of Tatas in the year 1941. It is a specialist cancer treatment and research centre, closely associated with the Advanced Centre for Treatment, Research and Education in Cancer (ACTREC). The Centre is the national comprehensive cancer centre for the prevention, treatment, education and research in cancer and is recognized as one of the leading cancer centres in this part of the world.
Fortis Hospitals Mulund, Mumbai
Fortis Hospital, Mulund is a 5 times JCI accredited, 315-bed multi-specialty tertiary care hospital providing a range of diagnostic and treatment services.This hospital has achieved three times JCI accreditation (quality as per international standards) and NABH Accreditation (quality standards specified across India) and the best Orthopaedic Hospital (Indian Healthcare Awards 2011).
MPCT Hospital, Mumbai
Mahatma Phule Charitable trust (A Surana Associate) is a multispecialty hospital with 100 beds at Navi Mumbai. MPCT Hospital is the second-largest hospital in Navi Mumbai. MPCT hospital has the most advanced PET Scan of GE, which is used for diagnosis and treatment of cancer. The hospital offered the most advanced linear accelerator of the world called as true beam for the treatment of cancer. The hospital has special software and hardware for lung cancer and it has software to treat the smallest brain tumors. It has 24 Channel brachytherapy for the treatment of cervical cancer & breast cancer.
Apollo Hospitals, Chennai:
The leading hospital of the Apollo Group was built up in 1983. The hospital has more than 60 divisions initiated by universally prepared specialists, a best-in-class hospital for different wellbeing issue and forefront therapeutic strategies, that makes it the most favoured goals for patients across India and around the world.
Medanta The Medicity Hospital, Gurgaon:
Medanta – The Medicity Hospital located in Gurgaon was established in 2008 and it is a NABH and JCI accredited facility. Medanta Hospital was founded by a renowned Cardiovascular and Cardiothoracic surgeon, Dr Naresh Trehan and is both NABH and NABL accredited. It is the first hospital in the country that offers Robotic Surgeries in Cardiology, Urology and Gynaecology. It is also Awarded as the Best Multispecialty Hospital by Asia’s First Bloodless Bone Marrow Transplant HealthCare Global Enterprises (HCG) in 2010.
Frequently Asked Questions:
What are the causes of Lung cancer?
Smoking causes the majority of lung cancers, but lung cancer also occurs in people who have prolonged exposure to secondhand smokers.
What are the Symptoms of lung cancer?
A cough that worsens and sputum (spit or phlegm) produces blood and chest pain worsens with deep breathing, coughing, or laughing. They may have shortness of breath that occurs suddenly during everyday activities, unexplained weight loss, loss of appetite, Lung infections such as bronchitis, pneumonia that won’t go away, Hoarseness.
How can we differentiate a common cough and the cough of lung cancer?
- The cough of lung cancer does not go away and it gets worse whereas the common cough fades away.
- The sputum (spit or phlegm) of a lung cancer patient contains blood whereas the sputum of a common cough does not involve blood.
- The chest pain of a lung cancer patient gets worse with deep breathing, coughing, or laughing whereas the chest pain of a common cough is not painful.
What tests can detect lung cancer?
- X-ray image of lungs may reveal an abnormal mass or nodule and a CT scan can reveal small lesions in your lungs that might not be detected on an x-ray.
- Sputum cytology – The sputum will be examined under the microscope and to check the presence of lung cancer cells.
- A tissue sample (biopsy).
What are the stages of Lung cancer?
- Stage 1: Cancer is found in the lung, but it has not spread outside the lung.
- Stage 2: Cancer is found in the lung and nearby lymph nodes.
- Stage 3: Cancer is in the lung and lymph nodes in the middle of the chest.
Is Lung Cancer curable?
The lung cancer treatment may utmost help you relieve your symptoms and control the growth of those cancer cells. However, with the right mentality, proper medication and a few lifestyle changes you can have a better quality of life.